Whether you are rejuvenating your hair with treatments like T444Z or you are caring for lace wigs, you cannot avoid the use of shampoos. So what makes a shampoo? Shampoos are made from chemicals called surfactants which surround oily materials and dirt so that they can be washed away by water. Here is a look at what makes up a shampoo. bn
Water makes up about 70-80% of the entire formula making it the primary ingredient in all shampoos. In this case, deionized water is treated so that it can remove ions and various particles.
Detergents are also known as surfactants and are the cleansing ingredients. They can react with any surface and they do this by surrounding and trapping oily dirt from the surface.
- Foam boosters
Other surfactants are added to boost the foaming characteristics of the formulation. They are called alkanolamides and they help increase the size of the bubbles and the amount of foam.
Alkanolamides used in the shampoos also make the formulations thicker but this is not enough. Some ingredients (like salt or methylcellulose) are also added to the formulation to improve the viscosity or thickness.
- Conditioning agents.
Because the cleaning agents in the shampoo can be harsh on hair, most shampoos contain conditioning agents to offset this effect. Examples of conditioning agents include quaternary, polymers and silicones.
Shampoos can be contaminated by bacteria and other microbes since they are made from water and other organic compounds. Preservatives such as DMDM hydantoin and methylparaben are needed for the prevention of such growth.
There are other modifiers added to shampoos to modify specific characteristics. For instance, Opacifiers make the formula opaque. Bases or acids are added so that they can adjust the pH of a shampoo. Color and fragrance are also added.
More about shampoos
Shampoos can be found in almost every bathroom in the country and hold a special place in our beautifying arsenal. Shampoos originally began as an all natural hair cleaner that was made at home out of ingredients found around the house. For example, people would combine different things like nuts, gooseberries, rice straw ash, boiling shaved soap with added herbs to produce a product that would clean the hair and produce a more pleasurable fragrance. Coconut oil was added to replace some the oils stripped by the shampoo.
Modern liquid shampoos were invented in 1927. Soon after that Proctor and Gamble got into the business and created the first synthetic shampoo called Drene Shampoo. It was revolutionary in the hair care world because it used surfactants instead of soap. Drene was a household name for many years. At a certain point the company switched gears and began to market their new shampoo Head and Shoulders.
Today’s shampoo isn’t much different than the 1927 version. It still uses surfactants for it’s base cleaner. These are often synthetics like ammonium lauryl sulphate or ammonium laureth sulphate. These chemicals bind to the dirt and grease in your hair and also bind with the water to help wash the dirt and grime away.
There are thousands of different brands and degrees of hair cleaning products. Shampoo comes in all different colors and fragrances. Choosing the perfect product for yourself can be a daunting task but take your time and you’re sure to find the perfect shampoo for you.