What is a Shampoo

Whether you are rejuvenating your hair with treatments like T444Z or you are caring for lace wigs, you cannot avoid the use of shampoos.  So what makes a shampoo?  Shampoos are made from chemicals called surfactants which surround oily materials and dirt so that they can be washed away by water. Here is a look at what makes up a shampoo. bn


  1. Water

Water makes up about 70-80% of the entire formula making it the primary ingredient in all shampoos. In this case, deionized water is treated so that it can remove ions and various particles.


  1. Detergents

Detergents are also known as surfactants and are the cleansing ingredients. They can react with any surface and they do this by surrounding and trapping oily dirt from the surface.


  1. Foam boosters

Other surfactants are added to boost the foaming characteristics of the formulation. They are called alkanolamides and they help increase the size of the bubbles and the amount of foam.


  1. Thickeners

Alkanolamides used in the shampoos also make the formulations thicker but this is not enough. Some ingredients (like salt or methylcellulose) are also added to the formulation to improve the viscosity or thickness.


  1. Conditioning agents.

Because the cleaning agents in the shampoo can be harsh on hair, most shampoos contain conditioning agents to offset this effect.  Examples of conditioning agents include quaternary, polymers and silicones.


  1. Preservatives

Shampoos can be contaminated by bacteria and other microbes since they are made from water and other organic compounds. Preservatives such as DMDM hydantoin and methylparaben are needed for the prevention of such growth.


  1. Modifiers

There are other modifiers added to shampoos to modify specific characteristics. For instance, Opacifiers make the formula opaque. Bases or acids are added so that they can adjust the pH of a shampoo. Color and fragrance are also added.


More about shampoos

Shampoos can be found in almost every bathroom in the country and hold a special place in our beautifying arsenal.  Shampoos originally began as an all natural hair cleaner that was made at home out of ingredients found around the house. For example, people would combine different things like nuts, gooseberries, rice straw ash, boiling shaved soap with added herbs to produce a product that would clean the hair and produce a more pleasurable fragrance. Coconut oil was added to replace some the oils stripped by the shampoo.

Modern liquid shampoos were invented in 1927. Soon after that Proctor and Gamble got into the business and created the first synthetic shampoo called Drene Shampoo. It was revolutionary in the hair care world because it used surfactants instead of soap. Drene was a household name for many years. At a certain point the company switched gears and began to market their new shampoo Head and Shoulders.

Today’s shampoo isn’t much different than the 1927 version. It still uses surfactants for it’s base cleaner. These are often synthetics like ammonium lauryl sulphate or ammonium laureth sulphate. These chemicals bind to the dirt and grease in your hair and also bind with the water to help wash the dirt and grime away.

There are thousands of different brands and degrees of hair cleaning products. Shampoo comes in all different colors and fragrances. Choosing the perfect product for yourself can be a daunting task but take your time and you’re sure to find the perfect shampoo for you.

Washing Tips


Taking care of your hair can be tough, but it doesn’t have to be. Shampoos will do the heavy lifting for keeping your hair clean; they bind to the dirt and oil particles in your hair and wash them away, leaving your hair clean. Most shampoos are made with a soap agent and a variety of moisturizers, scents, and coloring ingredients. Then conditioner steps in to moisturize your hair, soften it and make it shine.

Different types of hair will need different shampoos in order to make your hair the best it can be. For oily hair, a clarifying shampoo will be the way to go. Clarifying shampoos have a stronger soap agent, to really cleanse your hair. Make sure you add back moisture, particularly in the midlengths and the ends, to keep your hair from getting too dry. Everyone can benefit from using a clarifying shampoo, about once a month for normal hair, to once or twice a week for oilier hair.

If you have dandruff, you must use a dandruff shampoo to see any improvement in your condition. Head&Shoulders is a popular brand, and they have a variety of medicated shampoos to help improve your condition. If you have coloured your hair, it’s important to use a shampoo and conditioner that are designed to preserve and enhance the colour. If you use just any old shampoo, you might find that lovely colour just washing right down the drain.

In between washings, you can use dry shampoo, which is essentially powdered shampoo plus an aerosol. This can soak up oil at your roots to preserve a style another day, or just give you some extra volume on freshly washed hair.

If you have curly hair, or hair that is otherwise prone to being dry, you may want to look into Moroccan oil shampoos and conditioners. Moroccan oil is a powerful moisturizer that just might make the difference between dry, frizzy hair and gorgeous, runway worthy locks.

How exactly you wash your Brazilian hair, or weave, is up to you and your stylist, and will depend on your personal hair type and lifestyle. However, a multi-step regimen of clarifying, washing with shampoo, and deep moisturizing with conditioner, both wash-out and leave-in will ensure your hair stays as beautiful as possible. Brazilian hair is relatively long-term, usually being worn for anywhere from a few weeks to a few months at a time. For those who like a shorter commitment to longer hair, clip-in hair extensions are widely available to change up your look in just a few minutes.

Just out of interest, Brazilian hair does not generally come from Brazil. If you’re interested, you can do a little research about where your hair is coming from exactly. Chances are, it’s from India or China, where there are large resources of human hair.


Shampoo Ingredients

Most shampoos are made from 70-80% water and 10-15% of ingredients called surfactants that produce a thick liquid to rinse oily surfaces with water. Older shampoos were made from soap shavings which left a dull film on the hair. Today’s shampoo is formulated to cause less eye irritation, balance oils, and rinse the hair thoroughly. Before making shampoo, the chemists decide on a formula that determines thickness, scent, and color. Besides water, here are common surfactants in shampoo.

Detergents are the main cleansing and conditioning agents ingredients in shampoos which can from natural fatty acids. These detergents may include sodium lauryl sulfate and amonium lauryl sulfate. Manufactures use an abundance of detergents because they are cheap. Foam boosters are added to increase the amount foam and bubble size. Common foaming agents are Cocamide DEA. Lauramide DEA, and PEG-5 Cocamide. Like detergents, they derive from fatty acids. However, the foaming agents weren’t added to improve the cleaning ability of the product, but to give the consumers a pleasant experience.

After the detergent cleans your hair, a conditioning agent is needed to make the hair shiny and control frizz. Two common conditioning agents used include polymer and silicone. Silicones also help the hair shine and make it smooth. Since water-based products are prone to bacteria, preservatives are added to keep fungi from spreading after long periods of storage. Cosmetic ingredients do not impact the performance of the shampoo, but add a slight sparkle to the hair or fragrance. Some shampoos contain sunscreen to protect eh hair form sun damage and other ingredients to protect the hair from chlorine in swimming pools and styling aids that use heat.

Shampoos are composed of many ingredients to make them work effectively and they can vary among products. If you want natural shampoos, look for ones that have aloe, jojoba, coconut oil, and tea tree oil.


Oily Scalp

Dealing with greasy scalp and oily hair can be quite frustrating, and having to shampoo every day to control the oil level of the hair and scalp is both expensive and tiring. In spite of the extra dedication required to deal with greasy hair, it is still possible to find the right shampoo and conditioner that will considerably reduce the excess oil build up. The following are the top shampoo brands that are specifically formulated for oily hair types and give the desired results after usage:

  1. Shampoo for Oily, Itchy, and Greasy Scalp by Maple Holistics

This product is made from purely organic ingredients that are specifically for controlling excessive oil production from the sebaceous glands of the scalp. It boasts of French cypress which not only controls excess scalp grease, but also soothes irritated scalp. It also contains lemon for natural cleansing without stripping the hair of moisture. Basil and rosemary further stimulates hair growth, strengthens thinning or brittle hair, and encourages cell renewal for overall healthier hair. This shampoo delivers conditioning and mild anti-dandruff properties as well.

  1. Drama Clean by Herbal Essences

The Herbal Essences brand is known for producing organic, high quality hair products, and the Drama Clean line is equally impressive. This is a refreshing shampoo that does not dry out oily hair, but makes the hair silky, manageable, and smooth. It has a great scent that is not overwhelming and the shampoo is guaranteed to leave your hair healthy and oil-free.

  1. Suave Keratin infusion Smoothing Shampoo

After washing your hair with this shampoo, it effectively keeps excess hair and scalp grease at bay for at least a few days at a stretch. It seals keratin into the hair cuticles to minimize breakage and is also great for controlling frizz. It gently cleanses the scalp to take out any product build up and encourage proper blood flow to ensure an even distribution of the needed natural hair oils. This shampoo has the added advantage of being cheaper than most shampoos that offer similar features.

  1. Aubrey Organics Green Tea Clarifying Shampoo

It has been proven over time that hair products made with organic ingredients are more suitable in the long run than the chemical-laden options. This shampoo boasts of green tea which effectively controls excess hair oil, prevents further build up, and keeps the hair healthy.

  1. Neutrogena Anti-Residue Shampoo

Get proper control of your oily hair and scalp with this shampoo. It not only thoroughly cleanses your hair, but boosts the volume as well. The product is very gentle on the scalp and does not strip the hair cuticles of moisture. Instead it controls oil build up and encourages hair growth.


You can also use these shampoos to wash your hair extensions to keep them clean. They will help to make the weaves last longer. Even the high quality and expensive Brazilian hair benefits from a proper shampoo and conditioning regimen. That way, the hair extensions get to stay manageable and tangle-free.

Dry Shampoos

If you have had hair extensions for some time then you must have had the benefits of dry shampoo for such hairs. They not only effectively remove dirt but also absorbs excess oil from the scalp and the hair. This allows you to skip a day or two between washing your hair.


How do you use dry shampoo for your hair extensions?

If you have a Brazilian hair, you probably don’t wash it that often. Dry shampoos are the best solution in such cases. You should apply powder shampoos near the roots and spread through the hair with singers.


If you have spray products, you can hold the bottle about six inches from your head then spray at the roots. Use a gentle comb or a brush designed for hair extensions to distribute the product throughout your hair.


How often should you use it on your hair extensions?

As much as a dry shampoo will protect your extensions by shampooing less often, it should not be used as an everyday solution. It is advisable to use a professional shampoo for hair extensions the day after using it so that it can thoroughly remove product residue and buildup of skin flakes.


Tips for using a dry shampoo.

  • Apply the product near the roots. This combines the shampoo and the natural oil produced by the scalp for easy absorption.
  • After applying it, wait for 2-5 minutes before styling your hair. This is to give it time to absorb into the hair.
  • To quicken the absorption process if a residue appears after you have massaged the dry shampoo powder, apply a lightweight serum.


Following the above basics of dry shampoo for hair extensions will help you keep your Brazilian hair looking radiant and healthy and at the same time avoid damage from over-shampooing the hair. Why don’t you give it a try?


Dandruff Shampoos

Dandruffs makes you feel uncomfortable anytime, all the time. That’s why if you’ve got them, you would do about anything to get rid of them. There are thousands of options to choose from but you need to be positive about the dandruff shampoo you choose from the shelf.

Your hair and other distinct conditions are some the factors that determine the brand that works best for you. However, there are some key points you need to consider if you want the best dandruff shampoo.


  1. Smell

One of the selling point of any shampoo is the smell. Nearly every shampoo has a distinctive smell. There are some that are herbal and fresh while others have a coal or tar smell. However, there are dandruff shampoos that produce no smell at all. This entirely depends on your personal preference.


  1. Intensity

There are dandruff shampoos that are more intense than others. This means that the sensation on the scalp is tougher. So before you choose a dandruff shampoo, it is important to consider whether your scalp will cope with the tougher shampoos. If not, you will have to go for a dandruff shampoo that’s a little bit moderate.


  1. Scalp condition

Apart from having dandruffs, your scalp may also be dry. There are dandruff shampoos that, apart from just fighting off the dandruffs, they may also leave your scalp being a little more dry that usual. So when you want to fight both the dandruff and the dry scalp, you will have to go for a shampoo that doesn’t promote the scalp drying out.


  1. Natural shampoos

Most of the hair fall problem is caused by different shampoos that we use every day. Shampoos that contain zinc PAC causes damage to your hair to some extent. Although zinc PAC have some benefits like irrigating clogged pores and being gentle on the scalp, it is advisable to use natural dandruff shampoos to avoid any side effects.


Conditioners vs Shampoos

You might be like the majority of people who suffer from an oily scalp, which in turn contributes to oily hair. The type of shampoo you use, will determine whether, your hair will look and feel fresh and shiny or not. The best shampoo and conditioner for oily hair is the type of shampoo that contains astringent herbs, and citrus extracts.


A shampoo with natural ingredients provides natural treatment, that stimulates cells and increase scalp and hair circulation. This type of shampoo controls dandruff, removes excess oil build up, and contains no sulfate. Natural shampoo protects the hair from wind, and heat damage, by protecting it with a sealant. A good shampoo will leave your hair light, shiny, and bouncy.


The perfect hair condition for oily hair will moisturize the scalp, while providing nutrients. A good conditioner is lightweight, and easily treats all types of hair, without leaving an oily film behind. After using the conditioner is, hair is soft, silky, and manageable. The average conditioner rinses out of the hair, after setting for a few minutes. However, other conditioners are leave –in conditioners, which works best for most hair types.

Hair Extensions

Hair extensions help you to create a new, refreshing look. They are available in many different varieties such as synthetic or human hair. However, the most popular hair extension on the market today is Brazilian hair. Some questions you might have are what is Brazilian hair, how does it look, and how to take care of it. Brazilian hair is actually Asian or Indian hair, and in reality, true Brazilian hair is curly, and hard to find.

The easiest way to enjoy a head full of free, flowing Brazilian hair is to purchase hair clip extensions. Clip on extensions clips on in minutes, and comes off just as quickly. Brazilian hair is easy to care for, and is great for last minute hair dos.


There are various shampoo and conditioner choices out there today formulated to achieve specific results – volumizing, straightening, clarifying, color-safe, moisturizing, and smoothing. Whatever may be your hair needs, the role of proper shampooing and conditioning cannot be undermined. Every hair type- whether curly, straight, wavy, coily, or kinky- benefits from regular shampoo followed by a good conditioner. Healthy hair should be smooth, shiny, tangle-free, frizz-free, and not prone to breakage. Proper conditioning is needed to keep the hair cuticles healthy as well.


Having nice hair goes beyond getting a beautiful, complementing hair style. It is also essential to take proper care of your hair. Keeping the hair clean and looking healthy is the basic step in hair care and that’s why most individuals go for reputable shampoo and conditioner brands.


Differences between Shampoo and Conditioners

A lot of people do not understand the distinct differences between shampooing and conditioning especially with the currently popular co-washing trend. Actually, some differences exist between both, particularly in their intended purpose. Shampoos are meant for washing off dirt, oil, dust, dead skin cells, and other pollutants that collect on hair. Shampoos are gentle enough to cleanse hair without stripping off moisture and essential natural hair oils. Conditioners, on the other hand, are used to soften the hair texture such that it becomes much easier to style or comb through after washing.


Since they are used for different purposes, the ingredients used in formulating both conditioners and shampoos also vary. Shampoo is similar to regular liquid soap but is much gentler so that it does not completely wash off the layer of protective sebum around the hair strands, thereby exposing the strands to breakage. Conditioners are mostly made up of moisturizers that will infuse adequate moisture into the hair strands for better manageability. It also contains glossers to boost the hair’s natural shine and proteins for improved strand strength.


When it comes to pH balance, conditioners are formulated to be more acidic than shampoos so that sufficient amino acids are developed to help keratin bond on the hair strands. Keratin improves the shine, smoothness, volume and growth of hair strands. While both conditioners and shampoos contain hair nutrients and vitamins, these still vary. Shampoos are formulated with nutrients and vitamins which target the scalp and hair roots. This is to ensure proper cleansing of accumulated products and excess oil. The vitamins used in conditioners are however designed to strengthen hair strands to prevent split ends and breakage.


Some conditioners are rinsed off a few minutes after application, while others are leave-in, but all shampoos are made to be rinsed out after being applied to hair. Both are essential for healthy hair, and they are also suitable for maintaining hair extensions. Detangling and clarifying shampoos are great for Brazilian hair weaves to keep it free from product build up and frizz. A good conditioner helps to make it more manageable as well. Whether it’s your real hair, or your pricey Brazilian hair or any other hair extensions (human or synthetic) proper care is needed to keep them smooth, shiny, and healthy.


Clarifying Shampoos

Just as there are all types of skin, there are also all types of hair. While dry hair cries out for moisture, oily hair needs to be clarified. Knowing when to use clarifying shampoo can mean the difference in flat, lifeless hair and hair that is volumized and beautiful.


A clarifying shampoo seeks to remove the buildup styling products, hard water, and oils can leave on the hair. These substances weigh the hair down and make it lackluster. Removing these substances through a deep cleansing shampoo can make a big difference in the way your hair looks and how it can be styled.


If you have oily hair, using a daily clarifying shampoo can remove the excess oil and give your hair volume. Some people have combination hair, where their root area is oily and their ends are dry. For this hair, it can be helpful to use a daily clarifying shampoo on the root area only and then use a conditioner just on the ends.


Aside from daily clarifying shampoos, there are also deep cleansing shampoos that can be used once or twice a month to remove the buildup of styling products and the chemicals that saturate the hair because of pollution, and municipal water sources.


When using a clarifying shampoo, the technique is just as important as the ingredients. You simply need to wet your hair and then apply a quarter-sized dollop of shampoo. (You may need to apply more if you have really long hair.)


Gently massage the shampoo into the roots and allow it to sit as you go about your other shower chores. Ideally, the shampoo should sit on the scalp and root area for around five to ten minutes. If you are doing a deep cleaning treatment, you will then massage the shampoo through to the ends of the hair.


After a deep cleansing treatment has been carried out, conditioning is important, especially on the ends. If you have oily hair, do not massage the conditioner in the root area. It is imperative you rinse your hair until all traces of shampoo and conditioner have been removed so you can get the best results.


Clarifying shampoo can make a big difference in a person’s hair. Not only will this shampoo remove unwanted buildup, but it will also improve the health of the hair. Once you clarify your hair, it becomes completely clean and will respond better to styling aids.


Whether your hair is oily or it has become overrun with styling products, clarifying shampoo can help. A gentle clarifier can be used daily and a stronger one is perfect for deep cleaning monthly. Clarifying shampoo should become a part of anyone’s hair care arsenal, no matter what type of hair you have.


Everyday your hair is exposed to many products and elements that are damaging to it. Your hair may start to feel dry, weighted or becomes unmanageable. This is because over time everything your hair has been exposed to causes a build-up and needs to be removed.


So how do you remove the heavy, sticky and chemical residues from your haircare products and the damaging effects of chlorine and pollution? The best thing you can do for your hair to restore it back to its shiny, healthy and manageable state is to clarify it.


How to clarify your hair


There are a lot of clarifying shampoos on the shelves. Most of the big name brands make one so you can choose a name you like and are familiar with. You may think the process is just like any shampoo session, but it’s a bit different and here’s how to clarify:


  • Wet your hair thoroughly.
  • Use a nickel to quarter sized amount of shampoo depending on how thick your mane is.
  • Work the shampoo into the scalp (only) using a light massaging action for a full 60 seconds (there won’t be many suds so don’t be worried).
  • Rinse well.
  • Now take a smaller amount (for more hair, the more you’ll need) and work this into all your hair. This time it should be very sudsy. Let the shampoo sit in your hair for one to two full minutes to the build-up.
  • Rinse well (if you feel your hair really needs a lot of clarifying, repeat this step. Once your in a regular clarifying routine, you’ll probably only need to do the second step once).
  • Condition your hair like normal. (You may find you need a bit more conditioner after clarifying).


How often are you supposed to clarify your hair?


The answer to this question will vary person-to-person. The bottom line is it all depends on how much build-up your hair has. If you are a big hair product user, swimmer, have hard water, etc., you’ll want to clarify your hair more often than someone who’s hair rarely dips into a chlorinated pool, or uses minimal hair products – well, you get the idea. Lesser exposed hair will probably be fine with once a month.